Twice Encrypted and Authentication Messaging (TEAM) is a device-independent software-based encryption capability supporting multi-cast that leverages approved capabilities for the protection of classified information developed by WPL, Inc. We are an engineering services and Research and Development (R&D) company founded in 1978 with extensive communications system and security engineering expertise. TEAM is targeted for the new Marine Air to Ground Task Force [MAGTF] Common Handheld (MCH) radio. TEAM’s implementation adds limited overhead on multi-cast networks thereby maximizing bandwidth efficiency. A laboratory demonstration of a proof of concept was completed in Phase 2 and we are looking at future technology demonstrations with operational users through MARCORSYSCOM. Our goal is to deploy our software capability as part of new/existing platform and provide licensing/training support for its use.
PEI, located south of Lincoln, Nebraska, specializes in composite design and manufacturing. To improve the fuel efficiency while also improving ride quality and water performance of Marine Corps amphibious vehicles, PEI has identified various metallic structures which can be redesigned using composite materials to reduce weight of propulsion/drive system parts by 30%, design a hydrodynamically shaped composite extendable bow vane (flap) and drag reducing stern flaps, and reduce corrosion maintenance efforts. Risk is already diminished through the completion of design and analysis of a composite torsion shaft, winding trials to evaluate ply-thickness and band density of various fibers and resins, and fabrication of a full-scale composite torsion bar. PEI plans to provide finished parts to the Marine Corps for installation during maintenance operations and the prime contractor during vehicle production.
Luna Innovations Incorporated (Luna) has developed a framework to design, test and deploy condition monitoring computational processes that track the health of shipboard equipment. Signal processing and modeling techniques are robust, efficient and tailored to conserve energy when run on battery-powered sensor nodes like Luna’s condition-based maintenance hardware. This allows nodes to operate as edge computing resources that diagnose faults locally, report relevant damage features or transmit entire data histories for higher fidelity models that operate on shipboard computers to verify predictions and reduce risk. Performance has been demonstrated for the Navy through relevant environment testing, using both industrial and submarine-grade equipment in partnership with the original equipment manufacturer of hydraulic systems. The ultimate goal is to inform maintenance practices and lower total ownership costs.
Serving high-profile commercial companies such as Google, Facebook, Broadcom, and SES Networks and overseeing radio and satellite communication procurement efforts for DARPA and NASA, RKF specializes in wireless systems spanning hardware, systems, and software engineering for space-based, drone, and terrestrial communications. The Hybrid Open Transceiver new Advanced Integrated Line-of-Sight Equipment System (HOT nAILES) is a modernized line-of-sight radio frequency communications distribution system for VHF/UHF communications to/from shipboard platforms with improved performance and SWAP-C. Targeting the AN/USC-61(C) Digital Modular Radio (DMR) as part of the FFG(X) development, where key system components/related parts have been analyzed for inclusion and TRL in the design. Partnership with a program of record is underway along with the large business prime for that program; company seeks inclusion in all future naval ship builds.
Current hydraulic actuators come significant problems; oil needs vigilant servicing to fight off leaks while contamination and low system efficiency can cause thermal issues. A transition to more efficient electric actuation is needed in multiple applications, specifically for Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUV). Continental Controls and Design (CC&D) provides state of the art proven integrated actuation solutions with unmatched force density. CC&D's Electric Actuation System (EAS) is a miniature three-inch system that can produce 10,000 pounds of force in a completely integrated product, weighing about 11 pounds with continuous force capability equivalent to a hydraulic system. Our pressure vessel demonstrator allows high fidelity endurance testing with arbitrary force, speed and pressure profiles with a self-contained push/pull actuator pair. CC&D's goal is to integrate and transition this technology into government and prime contractor systems for facilitating low cost and reliable actuation.
Texas Research Institute Austin, Inc. is developing a composite standardized payload canister to support rapid integration of payloads into the Virginia Class Submarines. Our design incorporates universal connections and fittings that interface between the individual payload tubes within the payload canister and the host ship’s electrical, hydraulic, data, flood/drain, and structural connections to facilitate the integration of a variety of payloads. Composite materials offer benefits related to corrosion resistance, reduced weight, acoustic dampening, vibration dampening, and faster manufacturing processes. New materials, architectures, and consolidation processes are expected to meet performance requirements, effect life cycle cost reductions, and maintain required production rates. Once the chief components have been designed, documented, manufactured and tested at the end of the Phase II Base effort, a full-scale canister will be fabricated for evaluation of material, process, and structure capabilities.
By integrating ultrasonics with a 5-axis machine a process was developed that reduces fabrication costs of sapphire hyper-hemispherical windows for photonic masts. Meller Optics Inc. is world a renowned manufacturer of sapphire precision optical components. The targeted program is for a non-rotational AMPPM (Affordable-Modular-Panoramic-Photonics-Mast) sponsored by the Office of Naval Research. The Ultrasonic machining platform adjusts power with a closed loop feedback mechanism that maintains optimal amplitude. The diamond grinding tool used under ultrasonic conditions reduce grinding forces which reduce part breakage risk. The tool maintains geometric shape longer than conventional grinding/machining methods, making the process robust and deterministic. The Navy’s photonics mast contractor, L3 KEO, as well as other Primes looking to produce platforms requiring sapphire windows, such as shipboard EO sensors and hypersonic vehicles, would use this process to reduce costs.
Metamagnetics designs and manufactures magnetic signal conditioning and antenna products. We recently developed a compact conformal very high frequency (VHF) / ultra-high frequency (UHF) azimuthal omnidirectional transmit/receive antenna. The antenna bandwidth is 350-700 MHz but can be scaled for other frequency bands. This antenna has a significantly lower profile (4”) than conventional dipole antennas (~16”) and can be mounted directly to a metallic surface while maintaining omnidirectional performance. The result is a significant reduction in visual signature with this antenna. The antenna can be mounted on the surface of platforms such as airplanes, Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), Humvees, and man-packs. Our goal is to integrate this antenna into government and prime contractor communication systems to reduce their visual signature while maintaining performance.
Avionics systems require an increased range of processing elements, networks and peripheral devices with increased reliability and decreased costs. Inflexible hardware-based fault-tolerance is a significant life cycle cost. Reliable Platform Service (RPS) software provides superior fault resilience while utilizing commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components. Significant cost savings in hardware and faster lifecycle upgrading are achieved, keeping pace with commercial developments, all of which require extremely robust fault awareness and tolerance. RPS also permits dynamic fault tolerance over changing configurations and operating modes and is scalable/extensible to legacy or new systems. RPS fits into the Modular Open Systems Architecture (MOSA) and Future Airborne Computing Environment (FACE) of avionics components. Our goal is to transition this technology into government and prime contractor systems to provide robust, affordable fault protection.
ARES, an advanced aerial refueling modeling and simulation tool, utilizes a multi-body dynamics approach that enables analysis of the tanker and receiver aircraft, hose, drogue, and reeling mechanism characteristics to accurately predict hose/drogue dynamics and probe loads during refueling operations. As such, ARES enables detailed analysis of refueling operations for new technology and tactics, techniques, and procedures development; mishaps; and flight testing and certification. When integrated into manned flight simulators, it improves the accuracy of refueling simulations to enhance pilot training. Platform agnostic, ARES is easily integrated with other modeling and simulation tools to enable real-time pilot-in-the loop simulations. SDI’s goal is to develop ARES as the software tool of choice for use in flight simulators and in the design and development of aerial refueling systems.
Current flight simulator displays don’t provide accurate depth cues at close proximity; Holochip solves this problem. For wide angle collimated displays and head-worn displays, correct accommodation and vergence cues are provided, eliminating the vergence-accommodation conflict and improving the user’s spatial awareness at close to far range operations (less than 10 ft to over 60 ft). This system can be integrated into chin, cargo hatch and out-the-window visual systems for fixed, rotary wing and vertical/short takeoff and landing aircraft simulators and other virtual reality platforms. The system has been prototyped and is currently being installed in an operational environment where it will be evaluated by pilots. Holochip specializes in providing advanced technology solutions to problems of critical importance within the fields of simulation-and-training and image sensing. Our goal is to integrate and transition this technology into government and prime contractor systems for facilitating simulation, training and operational display technology that improves the warfighter’s spatial awareness and effectiveness.
LSO DAT transforms text-based LSO carrier landing evaluations to allow machine learning to reveal evidence-based insights, optimizing training while reducing workload. Prototyped for the LSO School, embarked air wings, and aviator training units, it applies advanced data science to identify and highlight trends and areas of concern in performance. Handwriting recognition (OCR) allows LSOs to maintain their familiar CONOPS while gaining benefits from the tools. Collaboration with the user community has created familiar and intuitive visualizations. LSO DAT provides improved capability to the fleet as a standalone tool, and is ready to be integrated into data analysis suites and enterprise data systems. BGI is an innovative veteran-owned business that merges expertise of engineers, data scientists, and operational analysts to provide key innovations to the warfighter.
Improving shipboard landings in high sea state conditions for varying class of autonomous vehicles remains a constant challenge for the US Navy. Our modular solution provides a completely general framework with applicability to rotorcraft and fixed wing UAS operations. The system involves two primary components: 1) a predictive deck motion estimation (DME) algorithm, and 2) a swappable guidance and control algorithm. The framework has been flown and verified on multiple unmanned aircraft systems (UAS). Systems Technology, Inc. has addressed the Navy shipboard approach and landing problem for both fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft over its 60-year history through advanced flight control designs, handling qualities assessments, ship motion projection, and Improved Fresnel Lens Optical Landing System (IFLOLS) stabilization. Our goal is to transition this technology by integrating our DME algorithm with prime contractor platforms existing guidance systems.
Additive Manufacturing (AM) has the potential to revolutionize the way the Navy procures, maintains and utilizes aircraft, ships and submarines. SHEPRA has developed a process to incorporate nanotechnology materials in the form of carbon nanotubes in metal powders for use in metal AM. The nature of this technology allows for the use of any metal alloy and results increases in the overall Strength, Stiffness and Thermal and Electrical Conductivity. With the use of this technology it is now possible to AM fabricate components consistent with wrought metal properties. Applications include the maintenance and sustainment or new product development with enhance capabilities. SHEPRA is currently working with AM material suppliers, system manufacturers and DoD primes to create an ecosystem to most effectively deliver this technology to the Navy and other DoD services.
Ecological Advanced Support Interface Toolkit for Heads-Up Attention to Improve Warfighter Knowledge (EASI-HAWK) enables better spatial orientation through natural visual and auditory cues that extend beyond the foveal visual system; seamlessly transitioning pilots from aided to unaided vision. EASI-HAWK, an auxiliary toolkit, supports head-up displays (HUDs) and head-mounted displays (HMDs) under development for the F/A-18 and F-35 variants, enhancing pilot effectiveness. Charles River Analytics, a leading provider of innovative R&D solutions for increasingly complex and important human-systems challenges seeks integration with HUDs and HMDs and EASI-HAWK’s visualization display components with a number of military aircraft and land vehicles. The underlying display design principles provide benefits for guiding effective display criteria to support remotely piloted and pilot-optional aircraft, as well as augmented display devices for private and commercial pilots.
Issac utilizes model-based systems engineering to model components and interactions before manufacturing. It also utilizes prototype development of MVDC fault detection and isolation methods in a lab environment. Current effort is to provide a detailed specification and architectural recommendations for Fault Detection, Localization and Isolation (DLI) and Next Generation Electric Ship (NGES). The effort includes: 1. Exploring architectures to discern thresholds for DLI parameters; 2. Exploring technologies through prototype development and testing; 3. Understanding potential impacts and developing requirements for other NGES subsystems; 4. Understanding cross-system integration issues and architectures and specifications to mitigate risks. These activities can help with innovation and provide a competitive advantage for other industries that use DC to power vehicles or microgrids.
MicroLink has developed an advanced solar cell technology that is lightweight, flexible, and highly efficient. The solar cells are physically like aluminum foil, so the cells can bend around curved surfaces and flex back and forth without any damage to the cells at a significantly reduced weight penalty over current systems. The solar cells are also similar to the ones used on space satellites; they are highly efficient and are designed to produce significant power in a limited area. In this project, MicroLink is integrating its advanced solar cell technology onto a small unmanned aerial vehicle (UAVs) called the Puma to augment the battery power on the aircraft and double the flight endurance over that of a battery-only powered flight.
This technology enables surface ship Ka-band communications links with Low and Medium Earth Orbit (LEO/MEO) satellites by developing a radome-integrated Ka-band transmit antenna system for Commercial Broadband Antenna Program (CBSP). A radome integrated antenna system implemented with additively manufacture frequency selective surface (FSS) based radiating elements is developed; this approach enables the new Ka-band transmit capability while maintaining existing CBSP system functionality. SI2 Technologies (SI2) focuses on antenna and array systems, Frequency Selective Surfaces, structural honeycomb absorbers, flexible hybrid electronics and additive manufacturing in support of the Department of Defense. Targeted defense applications include existing radomes on surface ships and submarines. SI2’s prior work in antenna design and development is directly applicable to this task and mitigates development risk. SI2 is always looking for partners as the technology matures.
Casualty power is critical to sustainment of mission capabilities. There is currently no way to restore medium voltage direct current power to zones isolated by damage. Our technology will provide a safe, lightweight and affordable way to solve that problem. This modular system can be scaled to lower voltage direct current applications, significantly improving utility and safety. We demonstrated system technical feasibility and designed it to reduce personnel hazards while maintaining or increasing deployment speed compared to existing 450VAC systems. We bring portability and safety: a team of personnel composed of sailors of average size and strength can rig the system, in a worst case scenario, within 30 minutes. The system has safety features that do not exist in current US Navy casualty power systems.
Lynntech is developing practical all solid-state (PASS) batteries with enhanced safety and performance for military aircraft and other applications. Lynntech has significant experience developing advanced batteries. for military and commercial applications. PASS batteries utilize core-shell electrodes and high conductivity solid electrolytes. These features provide a clear competitive advantage over current Lithium batteries based on improved safety/abuse tolerance and cycle life, in addition to high energy and power densities. The F/A-18 & EA-18G Program Office (PMA-265) is an initial transition target as the sponsoring program office, while Air Anti-Submarine Warfare Systems Program Office (PMA-264) has shown interest to support efforts by the Electrical Power branch within NAWCAD to begin an assessment for the potential for a post-Phase II initiative. Lynntech has performed both lab-scale and scaled-up electrode/electrolyte preparations, including cell fabrication and evaluation, which demonstrated the capability of PASS batteries to meet the Navy’s requirements.
Founded in 2011, Storagenergy is passionate about developing energy technology and providing environmental solutions for difficult energy problems. Our major focus is energy; energy generation, energy storage, renewable energy systems and providing environmentally friendly solutions for serious energy issues. Currently, Storagenergy is developing an All Solid State Battery (ASSB) pack plus a Battery Management System (BMS) for Navy power applications on aircraft. Our transition targets are PMA 265 (F/A-18 Program Office) and AIR 4.0T (Chief Technology Office). Our goal is to continue development of our ultra-thin solid polymer electrolyte (SPE) that will eliminate the safety concerns of conventional Li-ion batteries specifically their highly flammable organic solvent electrolytes. To date, Storagenergy has perfected an ultra-thin (<30 µm) SPE membrane that promises to enhance our ASSB’s performance.
NAVAIR seeks to replace the current Landing Signal Officer Display System (LSODS) monitor and physical button design with a ruggedized touchscreen featuring a reconfigurable physical button-like haptic response. This project aims to create a LSODS haptic overlay touchscreen with tactile/haptic feedback built in that can be integrated to upgrade legacy systems and future rugged touchscreen designs. These haptic touchscreens will provide a simplified user interface, provide a method for users to verify they are hovering over an actual software button and to trust that their entries will be made whether they are distracted or wearing gloves. Suitable for integration into rugged screens used by the DOD and Industry, the software will allow designers to easily assign and manipulate haptic feel for user interface (UI) buttons/widgets to create truly scalable and customizable systems.
FIRST RF is an advanced technologies company specializing in antennas and radio frequency (RF) systems in communications, radar, AESAs and Electronic Warfare. Under contract N68335-18-C-0566; topic number N131-007 High Gain Common Data Link (CDL) Antennas for Networking UAV Node, a multi-beam Ku-Band phased array system will demonstrate multi-node point-to-point network which allows multiple deployed units on land, air, or sea to transfer mission-critical information without relying on potentially vulnerable or oversubscribed space assets. Upon completion of airborne testing, a multi-beam TCDL antenna and radio communication system will have demonstrated a modular, low-cost, light weight, electronically steerable and multi-beam system capable of maintaining air-to-air, air-to-ground, and air-to-ship data links which will provide greater access to ISR and improves overall situational awareness to the fleet.
The CLIPBoard is a tablet-based ruggedized electronic replacement for the Navy’s paper-based supply management processes. Its embedded barcode scanner and ability to work away from “the cloud” provides transaction-based FIAR compliance even during disconnected logistics operations. Premier Solutions HI LLC (PSHI) has combined current system capabilities with Fleet and Sailor inputs to shape a sailor-oriented solution that exceeds operational requirements. The CLIPBoard is targeted for transition into NOSS (Naval Operational Supply System), the new USFFC and NAVWAR logistics management system currently under acquisition. The CLIPBoard’s connected and disconnected operations will free sailors and logistics operators from manual data entry while providing users and commanders with role-based up-to-date views of critical supply metrics wherever they go.
United States military personnel face many of the same health, wellness and readiness challenges as elite professional athletes and performers. 90% of military, non-combat musculoskeletal injuries are related to physical training. The Navy desires to maximize warrior readiness by monitoring human performance factors and provide training programs that increase performance and reduce the risk of injury. Based on the industry-leading CoachMePlus sports performance technology, Warrior Performance Platform (WP2tm) is a configurable tool that centralizes and analyzes nutrition, performance and recovery data and leverages wearable fitness device data to enable leadership to continuously evaluate, adjust and optimize unit and individual performance. For this initiative we will demonstrate the viability of the WP2tm platform to improve factors related to human performance while curtailing chronic overuse / stress-related injuries.
Piezoelectric morphing actuator replaces servos in existing Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) platforms. AVID provides a control system kit, which includes; the control and electronic driver boards necessary for vehicle control with the piezoelectric actuator. This technology keeps the vehicle in the fight longer, without needing to replace servos after landing. AVID has successfully demonstrated equivalent or increased performance in flight with increased reliability over servos during an Air Force Phase 2 Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) project. The technology was then sponsored by the Air Force for an enhancement that demonstrated successful integration of the morphing flight control (MFC) actuation on a production micro-UAS. The technology garnered further funding from the Navy for its capability to withstand the marine environments. AVID has developed the morphing technology to be advantageous on folding wing canister launched systems in the 100 lb weight class, and ducted fan vertical take-off-and-landing (VTOL) unmanned aircraft vehicle (UAV) system to enhance controllability.
Current state-of-the-art Naval Aviator drysuits provide critical protection during emergency coldwater immersion yet afford minimal air and water vapor permeation by employing waterproof membranes described as "breathable". In actuality, these membranes do not allow air to permeate through the cloth. Therefore, NanoSonic, who specializes in advanced materials research, developed a porous elastomeric gel membrane 5x more air permeable than current MIL-DTL-32149A drysuit fabrics per ASTM D 737 while being waterproof at 1 psi for 1+ hours as measured in accordance with AATCC Test Method 127-2008. NanoSonic’s precursor copolymers are readily scalable to pilot scale production quantities, and its membrane production techniques may be transitioned to a continuous roll-to-roll production process.
Navy rotorcraft components sustain damage from flight operations, logistics handling, and removal and replacement during maintenance. Blending away the damages to reduce stress risers may cause fatigue cracking, and blending lowers thickness in the repair location reducing the ability for future repair capability. Damage that exceeds design tolerances generally cause the component to be scrapped. Creare has developed a compact repair system for full dimensional and strength restoration of aircraft components to enhance the logistics and maintenance of Navy aircraft. Our Compact Repair System miniaturizes additive friction stir technology using compact, high speed spindles and additive tools to facilitate repair of such damage and to return the component at or above its original strength.
Current and future weapon systems place / will place highly variable, unpredictable demands on power systems and require increasingly energy-dense power supplies that are compact, lightweight and provide long service life without compromising safety. Bioenno Tech’s innovative, long calendar life/improved cycle life (> 6years / > 6,000 cycles vs today’s 2,000 cycles), Lithium-ion (Li-ion) solid-state battery (LiSSB) technology exceeds the energy density and power density thresholds of current systems over an increased range of operational temperatures – potentially eliminating fire hazards – enabling ultra-safe operations. Bioenno Tech is optimizing/scaling up battery designs, materials, processing and conducting prototype testing to validate that their LiSSB system is suitable for integration into Navy aircraft electrical systems and to demonstrate the safe and effective functionality of the system in an operational environment.
For environments utilizing recycled air, like the upcoming Columbia-class submarine, respirated carbon dioxide (CO2) can accumulate to unsafe levels unless it is actively removed. Owing to their simplicity, regenerable solid adsorbents are being increasingly applied to mission critical CO2 scrubbing applications. Diamine-appended metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) display high CO2 loadings yet require milder regeneration conditions, leading to both increased space and energy efficiencies when compared to existing technologies. Mosaic Materials has identified a diamine-appended MOF adsorbent formulation yielding high CO2 removal rates with long-term performance stability testing underway. Adoption of advances adsorbents as drop-in replacements with existing life support systems enables increased crew sizes or mission times. Our goal is to sell this technology to the government for deployment into existing and future life support applications.
Advances in Additive Manufacturing (AM) have enabled the possibility of incorporating printed components into sonobuoy prototyping and full-scale production efforts at reduced costs. Improvements to part quality and material options allow for increased sonobuoy capabilities that, when combined with the decreased lead time and low price for small production runs, can lead to significant added value for new sonobuoy development. Triton Systems, Inc., a high-technology development small business firm founded in 1992 that develops advanced materials, their processing, and manufacturing technologies for commercial, industrial, and government use, has completed a study of this added value associated with the development of AM techniques for sonobuoy production and printed component prototypes for testing and incorporation into sonobuoys.
Current mission profiles and ability for mid-air refueling have extended flight times for military aircrew. Triton's new bladder relief system provides a low-cost, disposable human interfacing component that fully integrates with all aircrew equipment and Aircrew Life Support Systems (ALSS). This will allow aircrew to avoid the challenge of relieving themselves in flight, remain fully hydrated, and maintain peak cognitive and physical performance as well as situational awareness. Our system is designed for both female and male aviators, has gone through several rounds of prototyping, and its functionality has been verified. Triton Systems, Inc. develops advanced human systems technologies for commercial, industrial, and Government use. Our goal is to integrate and transition this technology into government and commercial markets by licensing our Intellectual Property to manufacturing partners.
The Planar Doppler Velocimetry (PDV) system measures airflow velocity, such as in the exhaust plume of a jet engine. MetroLaser is a leading developer of laser-based instrumentation for a wide range of defense and industrial problems. Like particle image velocimetry (PIV), PDV provides spatially resolved measurements, but unlike PIV it does not require adding particles in many practical flows. The MetroLaser PDV system is hardened for outdoor use in full-scale aircraft testing. Since it is a non-contact method, it does not disturb the flow field or suffer from probe survivability issues. Demonstrations on a lab-scale turbojet engine showed good agreement with measurements from a pitot probe. MetroLaser is seeking customers for indoor/outdoor airflow velocity measurement services that include setup, conducting experiments, processing data, reporting, and sales of complete PDV systems.
Mentis Sciences Inc. is developing a lightweight, thermally managed, universal electronics enclosure for manned and unmanned rotorcraft. The system is designed for a payload of up to 175lbs. Mentis employs a unique combination of New England ingenuity and subject matter expertise to engineer composite solutions for the Automotive, Defense, Aerospace, and Medical industries. Initial targeted platforms for the pod will include electronics packages for Naval rotorcraft. Using the modular enclosure means new sensor packages can avoid flight qualification tests. By the conclusion of Phase II, a prototype will be delivered for ground-based testing and evaluation. The goal for this technology is to reduce the time to field new electronic and sensor systems in this quickly evolving field.
Wolf’s compact self-adjusting tether system technology significantly enhances aircrew safety and mobility over existing/legacy tether systems. Wolf’s system automatically manages tether slack and locks tether payout during high-speed events – increasing fall protection as well as crashworthy protection for mobile aircrew in the event of a survivable aircraft mishap. Initial targeted platforms include tiltrotor and rotary wing platforms in any service branch. Compatible with the CMU-37, Aircrew Endurance Vest (AEV), Wolf’s system increases aircrew safety and mobility while allowing for connection to existing airframe attachment points – eliminating the need for aircraft modifications. Prototype testing has demonstrated/verified key system functionalities. The end objective is to manufacture and sell this product in conjunction with a contract manufacturer for use in tiltrotor/rotary wing platforms.
WRT developed an advanced, efficient and integrated technology for detection and characterization of obscured seabed targets. Deployed on inspection-class remotely operated vehicles (ROV), the system integrates high-sensitivity miniaturized-magnetometers (MAG) for standoff target detection and 3D electromagnetics (EM) for target identification. This technology addresses obscured sub-bottom targets in cluttered seabed environments, where acoustics technologies have limited capabilities, and fills mine countermeasures (MCM), unexploded ordnance (UXO) and improvised explosive device (IED) detection performance gaps. The combined MAG and 3D-EM system is tightly integrated on an inspection-class ROV, deployed from multiple vessels, including rigid-hulled inflatable boats (RHIB)s. This provides the warfighter a flexible and low-cost solution to various detection challenges. WRT is a small business with advanced capabilities for integration of advanced miniaturized geophysical sensors and realtime processing on unmanned platform.
MinAu is an advanced software solution for the maritime environment that addresses current and future mission needs by creating optimized operating directives for teams of different autonomous, cooperative, agent-based vehicles. By employing collaboration strategies, these teams can maximize their mission effectiveness in dynamic environments (where conditions may not be known at deployment) by adapting their behaviors when unanticipated situations are encountered. Unlike current systems, MinAu’s novel algorithms minimize energy expenditure and data exchange between assets when mission operational behaviors are adapted. Use of open community standards significantly eases integration with existing/future systems. Applicable missions include seafloor mapping, mine detection/mitigation, and port/hull inspection. MinAu is derived from Orbit Logic's operationally proven software products, which execute missions faster, with fewer resources, more insight, and less risk.
Navy system operators must protect their software applications from cyber-attacks without impacting the performance of mission-critical systems. Detecting Anomalies in Application Memory Space (DAAMS) is a machine learning enabled software framework that efficiently monitors application memory spaces to automatically detect and report known and unknown cyber-attacks as they occur. DAAMS is primarily designed to detect cyber-attacks on Navy ship-based systems such as AEGIS and SSDS, yet it can be applied to any system that may be vulnerable to attacks on application memory, including real-time and embedded systems. Charles River has over 30 years of steady growth providing innovative, cost-effective solutions through intelligent systems R&D. Our goal is to integrate and transition this technology into government and prime contractor systems to increase protection from cyber threats.
The Navy utilizes polymer-bound energetic materials for warheads, propellants, and pyrotechnics. Properties like mechanical strength, pot-life, processing, and cure times are either key features or challenging impediments. Advances in additive manufacturing utilizing diverse materials can be leveraged to perform formulation testing and rapid prototyping of unique energetic formulations. This enables potential fast-tracked scale-up processes for the direct manufacture of warheads, propellants, and pyrotechnics. Lynntech has experience developing novel feedstocks for additive manufacturing and working with energetics; we are developing photo-curable and multi-stage cured polymer/binder systems for COTS 3D printer rapid prototyping (print, cure, and testing) of explosive formulations. These unique 3D printable feedstocks can be integrated into development and manufacturing processes utilized by government and prime contractors for testing and production of energetics.
RF photonic links operating at the near-IR offer improved signal fidelity at shorter ranges compared to telecom wavelengths. The enabling technology is the photodetector at the link’s back-end, which is capable of high-power handling at mmW frequencies despite its small size, light weight, and environmental robustness. Vehicular systems that are SWaP-restricted, but demand bandwidth for applications such as imaging, radar, and sensing, are ideally suited to replace bulky cables with flexible optical fibers. PSI has successfully prototyped this photodetector technology at both the component and system level, and has spent the past decade streamlining our core competency of high-speed modulator and photodetector production. Our goal is to transition this technology to a manufacturable state to provide integration into government and prime contractor short-range photonic links.
Triton is developing an oil-free “frying” technology to replace the deep fat fryer currently used on Navy submarines. It uses controlled dynamic radiant heating to produce the same heat flux profile that occurs in deep frying, resulting in sensory acceptability equal to deep frying. This technology will replace the deep fat fryer currently used in submarine galleys including the Ohio and Virginia classes and the new Columbia class. It is a drop-in replacement with the same footprint and power requirement. Several generations of developmental prototypes have been built to incrementally build confidence in our technical approach, component selections and control strategy. Triton Systems is a developer of breakthrough technologies and products supporting DoD and commercial requirements. We conceptualize, research, and develop ideas that provide market-driven solutions.
IFOS’ tagging technology leverages growth-provision fiber links based on the emerging MIL-1760 connector standard. Powered by an optical interrogator based on miniature and robust photonic integrated circuits that enables small form-factor, it easily integrates with military aviation platforms. Scalable network configurability ensures passive, continuous monitoring does not interfere with network communications. IFOS, a leading developer of photonic sensing solutions, is targeting advanced fighter aircraft and has engaged the Prime Contractors. To date IFOS has demonstrated concept feasibility in the laboratory and is now fabricating the flight-worthy photonic integrated circuit (PIC)-based optical interrogator to power the network built-in-test solution. The IFOS technology is seen as a near-term upgrade that will enable expanded mission operability, enhanced prognostics and monitoring of deployed aircraft, and greater warfighter confidence in this aircraft and other platforms.
Lack of real-time prognostics leads to inefficiencies in preventative and corrective maintenance resulting in wasted resources, increased cost, and reduced mission readiness. SNAPPR is a hardware health-monitoring tool that provides real-time prediction of faults and system health, using these predictions to recommend maintenance actions enhance mission readiness and control costs. SNAPPR technology is modular and extensible, simplifying application to other systems requiring preventative and corrective maintenance. SNAPPR is being demonstrated on the Aegis Radar sub-system and undergoing functional verification. Charles River Analytics is an applied S&T company that works in many areas of Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and Cognitive Systems Engineering with applications ranging from robotics, sensor processing, and autonomous system to decision assistance, interactive training, and advanced human interfaces and visualizations. The ultimate goal is to integrate and transition this technology to the prime contractor for the Aegis radar.
Maintaining operator skills on the Navy’s AN/SQQ-89A (V) 15 (SQQ-89) sonar system requires supervised training with instructor feedback. Creative Technologies Inc. ‘s (CTI) SQQ-89 Gamification Capability (SGC) will automate this with software combining three features. Experts train a machine learning (ML) expert module which measures student performance interpreted by a second ML module. A synthetic ocean, Just Add Water Simulation (JAWS), is used to create training scenarios. Phase II proof-of-concept prototypes have validated the ML technical approach. CTI specializes in serious game and ML algorithm development. SGC is intended for the SQQ-89 program of record. SGC modules can be used to measure performance in tactical systems and training aids; JAWS can serve as a simulation driver in a broad range of virtual environments throughout the DoD.
Existing uninterruptible power supplies (UPS) for naval applications typically use large batteries with excessive holdup time for bus-transfer events on submarines. PC Krause and Associates (PCKA), a company specializing in electromechanical and thermal dynamics of integrated systems including power electronic converters rated up to hundreds of kilowatts, is developing a UPS that utilizes wide-bandgap semiconductors and high power-density energy storage to fit a 40 kW UPS with ≥100 ms of holdup into a 4U height, 19 in. rack-mount enclosure. Prototype hardware has been constructed that demonstrated key subsystems and operating modes. The initial target application is power holdup for critical loads on modern submarines; however, the technology is adaptable to other UPS applications. PCKA is seeking interested military customers and prime contractors for technology integration and deployment opportunities.
SonoWatch is an autonomous acoustic lookout system designed to detect and identify navigation signals defined in the US Coast Guard Navigation Manual. The system detects, localizes, and determines the navigation meaning of the signal. The initial deployment for SonoWatch will be unmanned surface vessels (USV). SonoWatch is designed around a versatile hardware platform ruggedized for harsh maritime environments that can be expanded through future software updates. McQ will develop new sensing capabilities and features to meet the future requirements of the Navy and other potential customers. McQ specializes in low power electronics design, efficient communications, advanced algorithm development, and wireless video management solutions. McQ will transition this technology into acoustic array detection applications both maritime and land-based.
The Navy is looking for magnetic sensors compact enough to mount on unmanned vehicles (UV)s for signal intelligence applications. QUASAR Federal Systems (QFS) is offering a lightweight, low power, low magnetic signature, 3-axis fluxgate sensor for mounting on a UAS. QFS‘s expertise is the development, marketing, and sale of unique electromagnetic sensing technology. Many companies make fluxgate magnetometers, but only a few have sensitivity comparable to our technology, which is small enough to be attractive for UV applications. There are two key components - the compact sensors, which meet the Navy’s sensitivity and dynamic range requirements, and the low power, compact, 24-bit digitizer/processor. The likely transition path is forging a partnership with a larger defense contractor for system integration with QFS providing design and testing support.
Virtualization has the potential to increase cyber resiliency for Navy combat systems by providing flexible system configurations that can adapt to degraded performance conditions. Vendor and combat system agnostic virtual resource management and performance analysis tools are necessary to reach this potential. Innovative Defense Technologies (IDT) designs, develops and delivers solutions that enable the rapid delivery of warfare capabilities for the DOD. A sustained competitive advantage is achieved through vendor-agnostic management of virtual resources and reliable, real-time performance assessment capability that is normalized on system events, configurable to any combat system. This technology will be applied to AEGIS and SSDS to validate the innovation by 2021, available for transition to government and contractors desiring to leverage virtualization for increased cyber resiliency.
The goal of this project is to develop and construct a thin, lightweight, low power, large aperture, electro-optic (EO) transmissive scanner that utilizes an EO active nano-material phase wavefront control, suitable for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) platforms. This nano-material beam-steering technology large aperture system offers an ultra-low Size, Weight, and Power (SWaP) scanner that fits on UAV’s airframe and achieves ultrafast and wide scanning angles with diffraction limited beam quality. Ultimara seeks to partner with UAV prime contractors to integrate and demonstrate its lightweight, low cost, high performance, laser beam steering technology.
Permanent fiber optic cable repairs on Naval aircraft usually require significant downtime and relocation of aircraft to a hangar bay or even Depot, Tetramer’s TIMA fiber optic adhesive facilitates a permanent, in field repair option in the form of a mechanical splice. The actual repair steps themselves typically can be accomplished using the fielded Fiber Optic Repair Set (FORS) in about an hour, depending on the location of the repair and the existing environmental conditions. TIMA fiber optic adhesive requires no special storage conditions to maintain its excellent shelf life. Currently undergoing MIL qualification, TIMA was developed for avionics platforms but can easily be transitioned to shipboard and small network applications. Tetramer is a small business based in South Carolina which prides itself in being your partner in molecular architecture. Tetramer’s team of experienced chemists help design custom solutions to materials problems and provide small scale high value material synthesis.
Next-generation Augmented Reality(AR) interface, ‘Iron Man’ type Holographic Augmented Semi-Transparent Controls & Displays attached to your body WITHOUT wearing ANY hardware. Big Easy-to-Read, Easy-to-Use Controls & Displays, Weightless, with intuitive Haptic Feedback. Strongly supports Navy-wide efforts to replace metal controls & displays with augmented reality controls & displays that move with you no matter where you are. If one warfighter’s display goes down any other WARC-H (Wearable Augmented Reality Controls with Haptic Feedback), user can take their place.
The U.S. Navy must maintain and expand its anti-submarine warfare (ASW) capabilities. Warfighter readiness is the linchpin of the Navy's ASW strategy, the complexity of the ASW domain necessitates time-consuming training, and practical experiences to transfer skills to the operational environment. An innovative training approach is needed to accelerate mastery and foster transfer of ASW skills. Tier 1 Performance Solutions' Transformation Accelerated through Redesign, Guidance, and Enhanced Training (TARGET) is comprised of two components: (1) a task-centered instructional design strategy for ASW education, and (2) a performance support tool to assist ASW instructors as they apply task-centered instructional design. The tool greatly expands the impact of our solution by allowing instructors to apply the task-centered learning approach to other ASW topics and throughout Navy schoolhouse training.
Freedom Photonics is developing a Built-In-Test (BIT) methodology and hardware for fiber-optic plant on F-35, which provides a cost-effective in-situ network health monitoring and installed network port position identification without degrading the ongoing communications on the same fiber link. Freedom Photonics is a manufacturer of unique and innovative photonic components, modules and subsystems. Our approach leverages our existing tunable swept laser technology, and provides a scalable solution for many network ports, while allowing for both BIT and network intelligence. To date, Freedom Photonics has developed and demonstrated the feasibility and the merit of a novel approach of incorporating O-Band gratings and O-Band interrogators into the existing planned architecture. Besides working with LMCO, we are looking for other customers for this technology and transition partners.
The Advanced Direct Digital Exciter for Radar (ADDER) is a key component of a technology refresh for the SPS-49 system. It provides improved system performance and extends the service life of the system. The application for this product spans ship-based radar systems from UHF to Ku-band. Sustained competitive advantage is provided as this system offers significant performance improvement while lowering sustainment costs. The modular nature of the product offers opportunities to upgrade and refresh aging radar systems across the fleet at a reduced cost since they can leverage this technology. Previous successful development of similar boards used by the larger DREX+ system mitigates risk. The ultimate goal is to transition this technology into radar system upgrades across the DoD.
The aerial countermeasures employed by the military to protect personnel and equipment must become more adaptable and sophisticated in order to match pace with advances in target acquisition methods. This technology will enable them to do so. It consists of a fully autonomous system which 3-d prints countermeasure grains with tailor-able geometries to better imitate the characteristics of the targeted vehicle. The technology has been prototyped and functionally verified. Special Aerospace Services (SAS) is a tactical engineering firm providing analytics, research & development, rapid prototyping and precision manufacturing services. We serve clients in the aerospace and aviation industries as well as other high-tech sectors. Our goal is to contract with the Department of Defense and prime contractors to facilitate production of the technology.
The Modulated Underwater Laser Imaging System (MULIS) provides an improved method for observing mines through turbid water. The device creates images at a further distance and with better resolution, so that the mines may not only be detected but imaged and identified. MULIS is built on SA Photonics’ proven Modulated Imaging Lidar Optical Source (MILOS) laser source, and will be mounted on an autonomous underwater vehicle. The company, which specializes in the development of advanced photonics systems to solve demanding problems for military and commercial customers, envisions its own small-scale production as well as teaming with well-known primes, as it has on past product developments.
The technology consists of a specialized powder feedstock for 3D printing of energetic structures utilizing Hewlett-Packard’s commercial-off-the-shelf line of 3D printers. The initial target application of the developed technology is ongoing research into novel shaped charges, for maximizing payload efficiency. Initial material formulations have been synthesized and tested on test beds simulating a production scale 3D printer. Sustained competitive advantage is provided as the technology being developed allows for low cost, low waste deployment of customized energetic structures with decreased lead times while being based on a decentralized production chain. E&G Associates specializes in the development of custom powder materials and processes with an emphasis on practical engineering techniques.
Charles River Analytics is a leading provider of innovative R&D solutions for increasingly complex and important human-systems challenges developed Blended Advanced Decision GUI Environment for Reasoning Support (BADGERS) enabling shipboard maintainers to rapidly analyze system status and predicted malfunctions, evaluate high-level mission impacts, and efficiently make maintenance decisions through intuitive and innovative data visualizations. BADGERS will help the execution of maintenance analysis, planning, and execution in the Navy community, including for complex, mission-critical systems such as Aegis Weapon System (AWS), the Operational Readiness Test System (ORTS) and the Integrated Condition Assessment System (ICAS) by combining an advanced ecological approach to supporting maintenance display visualization design. We seek to demonstrate its capabilities on the AEGIS deck and would entertain licensing BADGERS technology to lead system integrators (LSIs).
Object Graphics Language (ObjGL) is a novel, high-level, cross-platform, display agnostic application programming interface (API) streamlined to render simultaneously to a variety of multi-view displays. ObjGL enables a Heterogeneous Display Environment (HDE) allowing the operator to select the best visualization device for the task, increasing effectiveness and efficiency. To date, ObjGL demonstrations include a simple battle simulation application operating on a light-field, multi-planar, head-mounted, and 2D display simultaneously. Standardization of ObjGL/HDE enables the AEGIS display environment to exploit and integrate emerging 3D displays with ease. As the recognized world leader in light-field displays and enabling technologies, FoVI3D’s small but deep technical team offers licensing and co-development opportunities to defense primes to manufacture, integrate, and deliver an improved system to support visualization technologies enabling quicker informed operator decisions.
The Improved Skirt System for Air Cushion Vehicles (ACV) uses a new elastomer coating technique to create a strong, abrasion resistant textile to withstand extreme physical requirements. Materials Sciences LLC (MSC) is an engineering and manufacturing company focused on applying knowledge of material mechanics to create unique solutions. The skirt system for the Ship-to-Shore Connector (SSC) sees perhaps the most extreme punishment of any coated fabric, resulting in high replacement costs and down-time. MSC’s approach uses an alternative coating method which enables high-performance textile designs that are incompatible with conventional techniques. The product has shown superior performance to the existing product. MSC is currently tooling up production capabilities to support the SSC integrator as a new material supplier for the skirt fabricator.
The Cognitive Reasoner for Electronic Warfare Systems (CREWS) applies artificial intelligence signal processing to quickly classify complex, highly agile threat signals based on functional characteristics learned from the observed, possibly incomplete, waveform data. Research Associates of Syracuse (RAS) provides innovative signal processing solutions to challenging Electronic Warfare/Electronic Intelligence (EW/ELINT) problems. Initial targeted applications are Block 2 and 3 versions of AN/SLQ-32. CREWS technology is expected to reduce significantly (or even eliminate) reliance on threat libraries for emitter classification, which lowers maintenance cost and improves threat awareness in complex emitter environments. Phase I demonstrated accurate performance of selected machine learning classifiers trained using limited real radar data. Phase II is developing and demonstrating a full cognitive processing prototype using more extensive radar threat datasets. RAS seeks prime contractor support to integrate CREWS software into EW systems.
The capabilities of large undersea unmanned vehicles (UUV) for long-range covert missions can be compromised by periodic resurfacing to snorkel depth to recharge, and noise from diesel-electric motors. Giner’s Non Flow Through Fuel Cell eliminates the need for external water management components, and utilizes compact hydrogen storage in the form of solid sodium borohydride. The performance of the fuel cell has been verified in NASA and DARPA programs, and on commercial contracts. In addition, an advanced prototype of the hydrogen storage technology was successfully tested by the Office of Naval Research (ONR). This lightweight, compact, high-density power plant eliminates the need to surface, and is silent. Giner provides electrochemical solutions to the toughest business and operational problems. We seek a partnership with a prime contractor to integrate this system into target vessel designs.
Intraband manufactures high power, reliable, and efficient mid-infrared (IR) semiconductor lasers based on its patented Quantum Cascade Laser (QCL) technology. Our initial targets for Intraband QCLs are directed infrared-countermeasure (DIRCM) systems including the Department of Navy’s Large Aircraft Infrared Counter-Measure system (LAIRCM) deployed on large helicopters and other systems. Intraband is interested in defense applications such as remote chem/bio sensing and covert communications. In 2018, we published the highest continuous-wave (CW) output power, 2.6W, for a metal-organic-chemical-vapor-deposition-grown QCL and continue to innovate via new programs in the areas of ultra-high efficiency and brightness, surface emission, and QCL arrays. We plan to sell to DIRCM manufacturers and seek partners to aid in ramping production, and to develop module manufacturing capabilities, and new application opportunities.
DVTI leads a team developing a property-oriented, materials modeling tool that enables rapid transition of high entropy alloys (HEAs) capable of withstanding high temperature turbine engine environments. Next generation engines will operate at temperatures exceeding the limits of today’s nickel-based superalloys. HEAs meeting the baseline requirements were identified and screened. On-going work is enhancing the predictive capabilities for a high temperature oxidative environment. DVTI is a materials and manufacturing company that utilizes a novel vapor deposition process – directed vapor deposition (DVD) – to create advanced materials and functionally coated products. DVTI seeks to provide services to commercial partners for the development of novel alloy systems and expanding its coating services business segment, which utilizes DVD to apply high quality metal and ceramic coatings onto complexly shaped components.
Triton is developing a capability for the Surveillance Towed Array Sensor System (SURTASS) that will straighten the array and improve its acoustic performance. Towed arrays are idealized as straight lines in the water, but the ocean environment disturbs the system and makes it difficult to maximize the arrays’ capability. Triton is developing breakthrough technologies and products for US Navy Ocean Systems. Triton’s competitive advantage is provided by software and control algorithms underlying this technology. In Phase II, modeling and simulation has been conducted and prototype testing is ongoing. Our goal is to integrate and transition this technology into Navy towed array systems.
Triton Systems' High Optical Power Hull Penetrator is a key technology to deliver high optical power to submarine systems. Special fibers are used to mitigate issues seen in attempting to put high electromagnetic energy through fiber in a submarine. The penetrator allows more power to be delivered to a submarine system while decreasing risk to the rest of the submarine architecture by using proven hull penetrators. Triton System Inc. has a wide ranging expertise in underwater vehicle systems engineering and ultimately would like for the technology to be purchased by prime contractors for integration into submarines. As a technology incubator, Triton has helped deliver over $4 billion in shareholder value.
To address the Navy need for fast, affordable, and reliable tunable notch filters at X-band frequencies, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposed to develop a new Tunable, Rapid, Electronically Controlled X-band (T-REX) notch filter, based on a resonating RF structure utilizing ferroelectric-based capacitors for ultrafast-frequency tuning. The innovation in the resonating RF structure provides a large tunable range by using tunable capacitors to quickly (<50 ns) change the impedance to shift the operational frequency. As a result, the initial T-REX Phase I protoype filters offer notch attenuation >-40dB within the 8.8 GHz to 12 GHz range, minimal passband insertion loss (<0.3 dB), and a notch bandwidth from 800 MHz to 1200 MHz with low reflected power (<10%), which directly addressed the Navy need for low-cost electronic warfare and military communications systems that suppress interference. In Phase II, POC will further optimize the T-REX filter design. POC will develop a fully functional prototype, covering the entire frequency range (from 8 GHz to 12 GHz) for demonstration and evaluation at a Navy facility, to reach technology readiness level (TRL)-6/-7.
Chaff payload improvements have resulted in improved efficiency enabling the ability to provide 2 payloads per cartridge. The Navy’s chaff cartridge has a volume of 6.6 cubic inches. The volume of a dual chaff payload is 3.0 cubic inches. Quad-M is in a unique position to develop and produce a dual chaff device. Their experience includes aircraft countermeasures/payloads, missile penetration aids, and satellite deployment systems. This experience in qualification of equipment and hardware integration is essential for success. A final design of the dual chaff system is complete. Small scale Hazard of Electromagnetic Radiation to Ordnance (HERO) testing and chaff dispensing testing will be performed. During Phase II.5, environmental qualification will be completed. Program and funding support from NAVAIR for the dual chaff capability is essential for transition to Phase II.5/III.
To enable future compact, affordable, high-performance transmit/receive (T/R) modules, the Navy seeks to develop advanced, low SWaP-C, high-density capacitors for power conversion circuits for radar and electronic warfare transmitters. Among capacitor technologies available, multilayer ceramic capacitors (MLCCs) are receiving the most attention. However, commercially available MLCC-based capacitors suffer from limitations such as low energy density, poor temperature stability and high power loss. To meet Navy requirements, Bioenno Tech is developing a compact, affordable, novel class of high energy density, low-power-loss MLCCs based on nanocomposite dielectrics that are thermally stable over a wide temperature range . These MLCCs will achieve at least a two-fold increase in energy storage density without compromising performance parameters such as internal impedance, voltage rating, leakage current or reliability.
Boron nano-fuel is an engineered combination of boron nanoparticles (BNPs) and synthetic missile fuel designed to increase the range of Navy weapon systems. Advanced Cooling Technologies Inc. (ACT) specializes in heat transfer research with extensive experience in converting SBIR projects for the US government. The US Navy has keen interest in BNP-fuel due to its higher volumetric energy density. Unlike synthetically engineering fuels, using BNP additives enables fuel enhancement without significantly increasing fuel viscosity. Specifically, ACT has demonstrated a 1.3 cP change in viscosity from an 8% BNP mixture with JP-10, while simultaneously achieving a 10% increase in energy density. The ultimate goal is to transition this technology to prime contractors for the mass-production of BNP-enhanced fuels.
Vadum has developed a Distributed Coherent Electronic Warfare (DCEW) protocol that enables swarms of size, weight, and power constrained nodes to collectively jam an uncooperative target. Beamforming is achieved with minimal latency and overhead, and no dependence on node positions or numbers. This system can be integrated into Group I-III unmanned aerial systems (UAS) to perform stand-in jamming, but is flexible for use in any distributed beamforming application such as covert communications. Initial benchtop testing has verified success of the DCEW protocol. Vadum specializes in developing advanced hardware, sensors, and algorithms for surface and airborne systems used by the electronic warfare community. Our goal is to integrate this technology on a prime contractor’s UAS system as one of several payloads for swarm-based applications.
Radar, electronic support measures (ESM), a.k.a. anti-radiation homing (ARH), and electro-optical (EO)/imaging infrared (IIR)/laser detection and ranging (LIDAR) currently provide different sensor phenomenology that can lead to different salient feature manifestation that depends on operating conditions (e.g., acquisition geometry) and scene content type. Current technology approaches develop automatic target recognition (ATR) systems for a single sensor, each designed to exploit the salient features specific to each sensor type, which leads to suboptimal classification performance for each sensor type and not a higher confidence performance by combining independent sensor data into a single solution. The capability to combine the salient feature information from the different sensors to get improved target classification, and possibly identification, of the ships, is needed. We propose a two-prong machine learning approach that simultaneously uses two complementary techniques, deep learning convolutional neural network (CNN) and compressive manifold learning (CML), to exploit the automatic feature and regularities discovery of deep learning to fuse the multiple sensor data and the sparsity representation of the data in manifold learning to fuse the raw sensor data as represented by their highly compressed lower-dimensional manifolds. This two-prong approach combines with the baseline handcrafted features used to augment the features discovered by the deep learning CNN algorithm, will provide unprecedented robust ship classification and potentially identification performance. For operational utility, we will leverage industry commercial off the shelf (COTS) multi-core graphical processing units (GPUs) processors such as those already developed by NVIDIA and Intel specifically for deep learning implementations.